Art Ebook Novel Eragon Bahasa Indonesia


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DOWNLOAD OR READ: ERAGON INHERITANCE BOOK I PDF EBOOK EPUB MOBI. Page 1 wrote the novel while still in his teens. After writing the first Eragon - Download Gratis Ebook Dale Carnegie Bahasa Indonesia To eragon . Eldest is the second novel in the Inheritance Cycle by Christopher Paolini and the sequel to Eragon. Eldest was first published in hardcover on August 23, , and was released in paperback in September Eldest has been released in an audiobook format, and as an ebook. Eldest begins three days after the events of the preceding novel, Eragon. Christopher Paolini adalah penulis buku Eragon. Cinta Christopher Paolini pada fantasi dan fiksi ilmiah menginspirasi dirinya untuk memulai menulis novel.

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This was a great book that was very fun! I loved it lots and have re-read it several times it is so fun! If you like fun books, you should read this!. download ebook indonesia, free ebook indonesia, ebook bahasa indonesia, ebook indonesia gratis, ebook indonesia pdf, ebooks indonesia, ebook novel indonesia, ebooks free, e book indonesia, free ebook download, eragon ebook. Download the Inheritance Cycle (Eragon, Eldest, Brisingr, Inheritance) attentions even over the far-too-long expanse of his longest novel yet.

To browse Academia. Skip to main content. You're using an out-of-date version of Internet Explorer. Log In Sign Up. Chrissunday Jakob. Pusat Perbukuan, Depart emen Pendidikan Nasional,

It is a wonderful journey to embrace one's destiny and purpose. They make me laugh and cry and find meaning in life. I can't guarantee that you will like this book,but you should give it a chance to bewitch you and make you a Dragonrider! View all 51 comments. May 07, M. Weaver rated it did not like it Recommends it for: I'll just say it: I hate Paolini's work. To my very core. Even though he blatantly took ideas from pioneers in their respective fields, that isn't what bothers me the most.

When I was fourteen, I admired him out of mere jealously.

Complete Eragon series

I was absolutely green with envy tha EDIT: I was absolutely green with envy that he could publish a book at age fifteen and receive any kind of acclaim.

But in retrospect and nearly vomiting as I attempted to get through a chapter of Eldest , which I failed at miserably , I realized that I had no reason to envy Paolini at all. He doesn't know how to write. String together a vague semblance of a story? But at the end of the day, the description is purple, the dialogue is stilted, and the character development is next to non-existent. For starters, has anyone noticed that he is obsessed with stating distances? Something like, "Two feet away stood three troops of fifty, in rows of five, making ten people per row" is a sentence uncannily close to one I read in the actual book itself.

This kind of information is superfluous and distracting, taking away from important aspects of a novel such as character development--which, by the way, he integrates next to none of. Who is Eragon? I seem to have forgotten everything about him, other than the fact that he is creepily obsessed with a woman who has no interest in him, he acquires fighting skills incredibly fast read: Mary Sue red-flag , and only reprehensible villains disagree with him.

Basically, he's perfect, and he only gets even more amazing at everything he does. Where is the fun in a character like that?

I do, however, remember Murtagh Probably because he's the only one who changes at all as a character throughout the book, other than the occasional insight into Eragon's personal airplane--I mean, pet dragon--I mean, companion, Saphira. Even her characterization is sacrificed because she's used as a plot device by Paolini rather than fleshed out as an actual character.

None of the characters are memorable and the main character is my least favorite character of them all! How are we supposed to root for the main character when he is nothing but an arrogant snot, constantly reaffirming a holier-than-thou attitude to everyone around him?

The plot is a cliche hero's journey that has been done before, and better , might I add. Where's the appeal in that?

What left is there to hold in high regard? His world building skills? I don't know why he decided that his world of Alagaesia had to have EVERY single climate condition imaginable, but doing so made his world seem juvenile, fake, and forced. Not to mention boring judging by the awful over-description of said world. With regards to the language he "created"? He mostly ripped from old Norse words.

He's admitted to it himself. Look, anyone can string a bunch of letters together and call it a language. But Paolini hasn't a single clue when it comes to linguistics. And hey, I'll admit that I don't either. But I also don't try to create my own languages--that I more or less steal--and claim that I created all by myself. All in all, sure, it's fantastic that he published a book at such a young age, but are we as a society lowering the bar that much as to celebrate mediocrity?

The man is now twenty-eight years old and his successive books Eldest , Brisingr and finally, Inheritance are decidedly much worse than his first book on every front. That he wrote when he was fifteen. This is a huge problem in my eyes.

Someone so unwilling to grow or change like any other writer should have their title of "writer" stripped from them. It's insulting. Jan 23, Ben Alderson rated it it was amazing. Why have you not read this sooner. This beast has been sat on your TBR pile for years. What is wrong with you? Was little Ben intimidated by the size?

Such a classic! View all 10 comments. This was straight up painful Full review to come! View all 35 comments. Beginner to fantasy books. Age of the readers and how well acquainted they are with the high fantasy genre seriously need to be considered here. The majority of love and dislike usually depends on when did you read the book for the first time? Anyone who has read or watched Lord of the Rings or Star Wars pretty much has read this book, Eragon almost a straight copy of these franchises with different names and terminologies.

However, as someone who has experienced the high number of tropes in this book out of all medium, it was hard for me to enjoy the book. This is something I will always praise Paolini for.

View all 65 comments. Oct 29, Julio Genao rated it did not like it. View all 29 comments. Aug 20, Swankivy rated it did not like it. A short and somewhat sarcastic summary: Boy finds mysteeeeerious stone. Turns out to be dragon egg. Boy raises dragon and bonds with it strongly. Bad guys come and destroy boy's house and kill his uncle. Boy swears revenge. Boy's secret dragon is discovered by mysteeeerious storyteller who turns out to be master swordsman and random magic user.

The hunt for the bad guys begins, a A short and somewhat sarcastic summary: The hunt for the bad guys begins, and boy searches for his destiny as a legendary Dragon Rider of course, that must be capitalized. Eragon goes through traditional bouts of training and learning about himself under the stern tutelage of old wise traveling companion. Along the way he gains and loses friends, and rescues a mysteeeerious woman from a horrible dungeon while never straying from his quest to put right all that is wrong in a world oppressively ruled by an evil king.

This book has gotten lots of attention since it first came out, partly because the author is so young. He was fifteen when he started the book, and was nineteen when it was published.

Age isn't always correlated with mastery, of course, but when I read this book, I could TELL that the writer was either young or an immature writer. Though it seems people think it "got published" somehow because of its great merit, this book was actually self-published by the author's parents company was Paolini International , and then it was paraded around on a self-funded signing tour the way most self-published people do.

An established author happened to run into the family doing a signing while he was on vacation, thought a kid writing a book was interesting, bought a copy and made his stepson read it, and decided to try to get the book a deal when the kid liked it.

The people at Knopf re-edited and repackaged and re-released it under that label. I believe that if this book had meandered its way to publishing houses the usual way, it would have been rejected as unpublishable, for reasons I will discuss in depth here. Christopher Paolini himself, in his own words, describes his story thus: There are dragons and elves, sword fights and unexpected revelations, and of course, a beautiful maiden who's more than capable of taking care of herself.

There was absolutely nothing new or "unexpected" in this book though the author claims there are "revelations" , and if a reader is excited by this book, they are probably reacting to the concepts themselves e. My feeling was that this book was nothing special because, if I may be so blunt, "it's been done," and it's been done better. Overall, I just think that this book was written as though it had a template or blueprint for "traditional fantasy novel" and the details and names were simply filled in.

I couldn't help feeling the entire time I was reading it that I had read this story before, nothing was much of a surprise, and things that didn't make sense or got in the way of a conflicting original vision were smoothed over with excuses or deliberate muddling of motives.

I think that in order to write something so traditional, a writer needs something special, a unique twist or slant, and this just hasn't got it. In other words, I'm not saying that writing an "archetypal fantasy epic" is BAD; I'm saying that it needs to not be a rehashing of overused themes that have been done to death by classic writers.

The boy and his powerful companion having an intimate relationship? Done, in everything from Anne McCaffrey to freaking Digimon. The hero quest to punish the baddies and bring the good guys back into power?

Done, in Lord of the Rings and Star Wars. Lush descriptions of landscapes and surroundings? Done by Tolkien of course, but more as a background to action rather than in stagnant heaps of detail. Mysterious companions to whom there is more than meets the eye? I don't even want to think about all the books and movies that have done that. I can't pick out a single thing that this book has that has never been done before, the characters didn't interest or capture me, the storytelling was riddled with too many attempts to be grand that I was just entirely turned off by it.

Some specifics about the bad writing style: Every imaginable permutation of the word "said" is used. If the reader cannot tell how someone is saying something by what they are saying, it is likely that the dialogue has been written sloppily. Leave it out. Running into "'Sorry,' apologized Brom" made me cringe. The fact that Brom said "Sorry" means that he apologized, so use "said. Leave out the decorations because they're tacky.

The speech tags are not the part of the writing that is supposed to be interesting, so don't distract us; believe me when I say that if you do it, nearly any editor will consider it an early warning sign that you are an amateur.

Unnecessary description is inserted with maddening frequency. I am not usually a reader of traditional fantasy, and traditional fantasy does tend to be more flowery than the hard stuff, but either way random descriptions should not just be thrown into the mix.

Eragon is waking up and stretching. Suddenly we get a description of the items on his night table, including the random information that he likes to look at one of the objects on it frequently. In the meantime, while we are getting this rush of information, Eragon is putting on his shoes. He then does not proceed to touch, pick up, or look at anything on the night table, and none of it is ever mentioned again.

Also, people and places just get sudden paragraphs of description. We're fighting an Urgal and all of a sudden. While he's rushing at Eragon with drooling fangs, no less.

By all means, describe the fangs, slipping the adjectives in gracefully. But don't give us a run-down of a typical Urgal when we're a lot more interested in whether those fangs are going into Eragon's head.

And lastly, too many words, phrases, and concepts seem to be entirely lifted from other well-known works. Word choice seemed as though it was the author's attempt to use all his SAT words; it was verbose and flowery as if on purpose, trying to impress with vocabulary that would have been better used sparingly.

The similarity of some people's and places' names to those of Tolkien have not gone unnoticed by seasoned fantasy readers; I have heard several people call this book "Aragorn" without even noticing that they weren't saying it right, not to mention things like Ardwen compared with Arwen , Isenstar compared with Isengard , and Isidar compared with Isildur --and there are a LOT more.

A ridiculous number of phrases seem to be something I've heard before, though I'm not sure where; for example, near the beginning someone is touching a wrapped package repeatedly, "as if to reassure herself that it was still there. How's that for an original simile? There's definitely not enough space in this little box which has a character limit for me to go into as much detail as I'd like talking about how bad this book is, so if you really want to read my ranting in all its entirety, you might want to check out my essay about it on my website.

View all 66 comments. I hadn't read this in a super long time, so it was fun to come back to. This is still one of my favorite YA fantasy series! The writing is a bit clunky at times, but then I remember that the author was only a teenager when he wrote this and everything becomes straight up impressive. Besides, this book is waaaaay more than just LOTR with dragons. The whole world is gorgeous, incredibly detailed, and has stuck with me just as clearly as Middle Earth, Hogwarts, or Narnia.

But oh my goodness: Saphira sounds like a deranged Yoda. I don't even know what that narrator was doing View all 12 comments. Sep 03, James Trevino rated it really liked it. Dragons and elves and dragons! A lot of people faulted Paolini for trying to copy Tolkien, but the truth is, their styles are nothing alike. Tolkien is much more poetic and his writing more archaic.

Paolini is a much more straightforward fantasy guy. And that is not a bad thing. I really enjoyed this book and the series overall ranks as one of my all time favorites!

Because it is so well written! Seriously now, the descriptions and characters and everything! And it is fascinating really It is like that is written by another person or by Paolini while he was 10 years old. But once you go past that, it gets soooo damn good!!!!

View all 5 comments. I will always love Saphira! View all 8 comments. A wonderful rec from my GR friend, Anish: Thank you! I saw the movie and loved it, but when I heard about the book recently, I was curious together with a slight feeling of worry as reading the book after watching the movie adaption works quite bad for me.


But I wasn't disappointed, this book is wonderful! RL keeps messing up with me, so, sorry in advance for a short review. This wonderful books is wo A wonderful rec from my GR friend, Anish: This wonderful books is worth way more praises. Christopher Paolini's book charmed and drew me in with wonderful world building, interesting adventures in the world of elves, dwarves and other mythical creatures. The amazing thing is that the author started writing this book when he was a teen, 15 years old and his skill shows a lot as he managed to lure me into world of "Aragon" , charming with magic, action, creepy baddies, wonderful goodies, monsters, dragons and way more.

The journey to the magical and mystical world of "Eragon" began, it's full of adventures, toils and wonder, so call your dragon and lets explore this world together: View all 47 comments. Probably the most expensive fanfiction I've ever read. I'm not sure what possessed the publishing company to publish this book although I heard that Christopher Paolini was self-published at first.

I also wrote a book when I was 16 much like Paolini and the quality was pretty much the same as Eragon , that is to say, awful. This becomes even more clear in the next book, Eldest. Everyone loves Eragon, and those who don't are evil or will repent their ways see the elf-dude that he fights in Eldest. In Eldest he becomes this superhero, half-elf half-human, while of course the other characters mainly remain stock characters: Brom is of course the wise old mentor, like Gandalf, or perhaps more like Obi-Wan Kenobi from Star Wars, which the whole trilogy rips off anyway.

The only interesting character is Murtagh, but he turns out to be evil. I won't be surprised if he dies in the next book, or becomes Eragon's henchman after he realises how "awesome and cool" Eragon really is. View all 22 comments. WrensReads Review: So I am an aspiring author. And yet imitation is arguably according to Aristotle, Cicero, and numerous other authorities the most effective rhetor WrensReads Review: And yet imitation is arguably according to Aristotle, Cicero, and numerous other authorities the most effective rhetorical device for learning your licks as a writer.

Master Class I first want to say that everyone is entitled to what they believe and think about a certain piece of art yes, books are considered art in my eyes. You can like a certain piece just because of the story line or you can not like a piece because they have a funny name for the main character. You are entitled. What you are not entitled to is saying that a certain author is a piece or crap and a knock off of a literary masterpiece.

Every story, no matter where it came from or how old, is an imitation of other stories. Christopher Paolini talks about how he looks up to famous author J. He has similar species elves and dwarves but a lot of stories have those.

So are we going to say that every story that has a vampire or werewolf is a knock off of Dracula? Because the species is similar to the original? A young, normal and boring girl is thrown into saving mankind against the somehow twisted and corrupted government. The Hunger Games? City of Bones? The Summoning?

How about if you changed the young, normal and boring girl into the young, normal and boring boy? The Maze Runner? Harry Potter? Every book is imitating another if you actually sit down and think about it. The real question is: Why would you want to get your panties all tied in a knot? Why not just enjoy the book for what it is?

Why not live and breathe the world someone created in their mind after reading hundreds of other worlds? This is art! I would like to see one of you come up with a story that has nothing similar to any other story out there and it actually be a good story. If you do, I will personally send you an apology and say that I was wrong publically. There is so much uniqueness and magic in the Inheritance Cycle.

The map inside the cover is enough for me to get lost in the world that he created at such a young age! Carvahall is where our hero Eragon starts off in the book. He finds a beautiful blue stone that magically appeared during his hunting trip that turned out to be one of the last dragon eggs out there.

He becomes a dragon rider. She wrote Tim that she had met another guy. She forgot. Work individually. Meanwhile, a local lorry driver 4. Thinking that the woman must 6. Finally, the po lice agreed to have been so tired that she was inspect the car and when they dreaming, the police gave her did, they saw the dust, smelt a cup of tea hoping to calm her the smell and also noticed some down. Feeling terrified and o ut o f 8.

This story was quickly taken up co ntro l, the family no ticed a by some people as proof of the black po w der seeping inside presence of aliens on earth. Suddenly they heard growling and barking. This is an individual 2. After gorging on an animal a wolf had killed, suddenly project.

Write you own story. Use the following a small bone in the meat stuck in his throat and he guidelines. He soon felt terrible pain in In preparation for making your narrative his throat, and he ran up and down groaning and short keep these simple groaning, looking for something to relieve the pain.

Grammar Review Before and After Before and after are used if we want to express an order of events. We can use the following form. Column A Column B 1. The lady used a. The mechanic tried b. The exploration c. The baby gets fat d. Before digging the well of oil 5. The racer had his e.

Before she bought a car rechecked new one Rewrite the sentences with subordinate clauses Activity 7 instead of subordinate phrases, be careful with the tense. Number one has been done for you.

Kresna needed to get a loan before buying a car Kresna needed to get a loan before she bought a car 2. A pilot has to start engine before taking off. The man ate much food after working hard. Mr Efendi always checks the battery before starting the car engine 5. After having lunch, we will go to the cinema. The children took a bath before having breakfast. Before taking medicine, the patient must have a meal. After turning off the lamp, she went to bed. Mr Herman locked the door before leaving the house.

The workers usually go home after finishing their work. If possible use subordinate phrases. Number one has been done for you 1. I knew the time was up. I told the students to collect the answer sheets. Before I told the students to hand-in the answer sheets, I knew the time was up. A fter I knew the time was up, I told the students to hand-in the answer sheets.

Christopher Paolini

A fter seeing the time was up, I told the students to hand-in the answer sheets. The bell rang. I woke up. The doctor recommended the medicine. Doni comes to the front of the class. The teacher calls him. She read the magazine and ate biscuits. Work in pairs. Write a short story by following the Activity 9 stages of writing below. Planning Discuss the topic with your friend. Drafting Write your own story based on the topic you have just discussed with your friend.

Proof—reading Check your spelling and punctuation. You can do this yourself or ask your friend. August 1, About the contest: We're searching for the best short story relating in some way to the Mississippi River, the River Valley, or a sister River: Semi-inalists will be chosen by a regional team of published writers. A Journal of the Mississippi River Valley. Winner will be announced October 1, Mail manuscripts to: What is the announcement about?

When will the contest be closed? What must the short stories relate to? What are the prizes for the winners? When will the results of the contest be announced? Where can we send our manuscript? Now, make your own announcement. The topic is Activity 12 free. Language Functions a.

Genre Narrative Social function: Generic structure - Orientation: Now, answer the questions. What expressions do you use for suggesting, requesting, and giving instructions? What do you say if you want to accept and decline a request?

What is your favourite story? What are the beginning and ending like? If you borrow something and your sister breaks it, should you pay for the repair? Should you apologise for it?

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Will you get angry with your sister? Your friend blames and accuses you of something you didn't do. How do you respond?

Listen to the dialogue from the tape and answer Activity 2 these questions. What's wrong with Adi? What happened to his CD? Will he pay for it? Does Rifki say sorry for it? You are going to listen to the same dialogue from Activity 3 the tape.

Complete the text while you are listening. Look at this. I 3 it to Rifki and now it is broken. What did he do to it? Rifki can buy you a new CD.

He says he won't pay for it. Liv ing in an English- Nadia: He has to pay for it. It's not fair. Come on, le's go and talk to him. Find out how to make use of the Nadia: Hi, Rifki. Adi has just told me about his CD. Oh, yes. It's 7 , is'nt it? It's my sister's englishclub. It was your 8 , Rifki. You have to talk to my sister about it. I lent it to you, Rif, not to your sister.

You should buy Adi a new CD. Look, 9 of it, Nadia. It's none of your business. Yes, it is, Rifki, Adi's my friend. It's my fault, isn't it? I must It's good you that.

A pology Activity 4 Work in pairs and discuss the answer to the questions based on the dialogue in Activity 3. What phrases does Rifki use to admit his fault? What phrases does Rifki use to say sorry? You are going to listen to some short dialogues from Activity 5 the tape. Choose the best responses to the expressions you hear.

I do apologise, Sir. I promise c. You'd better keep your promise. I have to admit it. It's good you admitted that. Apology accepted. What causes rainfall? Where does the water come from? Where does it go? Activity 7 Study the picture and listen to the text from the tape carefully.

Then, state what the text talks about. Listen to the text from the tape once again and decide Activity 8 which word you hear. Discuss Activity 9 the answers to these questions.

What causes the evaporation of water from the oceans, lakes, and rivers? What happens to the moisture—laden air as it rises? What forms as the amount of water vapour grows in the air?

How is the water returned to Earth? What are the forms of precipitation? Activity 10 Decide whether each statement is true or false. The moon causes the evaporation of water. Evaporated water gathers in the atmosphere. Clouds are formed as the water vapour becomes a liquid as it becomes cooler. Rain clouds form as the amount of water vapour decreases. The water is returned to Earth as rain, hail or snow. Activity 11 Match these pictures to the explanations you hear from the tape.

Water goes from 2 to the 3 air, to the land and to the oceans again. For that reason, its 4 is called a cycle. This cycle 5 when heat from the sun turns 6 ocean water into. Water vapor is water that 7 has become. The water vapour rises high into 8 , where it cools off. The cooled water vapour changes into 9 of water. The drops are held up 10 in the sky by rising. When billions of these 11 drops of water together they form The water in the clouds eventually 13 to earth as rain.

If the water vapor is 14 enough, it turns 15 into ice and falls as. Most rain and snow falls into the ocean, but some falls on In time, this water also 17 back to the ocean and the cycle 18 again. Taken from Science and Technology Encyclopedia, Read again the complete text in Activity 12 carefully. Activity 13 Then, answer the following questions orally.

What is the water cycle? Why is the movement of water called a cycle? When does the cycle begin? What is water vapor? Where does the water vapour cool off? What does the cooled water change into? What makes the drops be held up in the sky? How is a cloud formed? How does the water in the clouds fall to Earth?

Where does most rain and snow fall? Activity 1 Answer these questions. Your teacher gave you an assignment to write an essay on a particular topic.


You were too busy to write the essay. Then, you copied an article from a magazine. Your teacher knew you didn't write the essay by yourself. What might he say? How did you respond to your teacher's accusation.

Would you admit that you copied the article? Would you apologise to your teacher? Would you regret it? How would you express the above? Activity 2 Read and practise the following dialogue. Mr Suherman: Yes, Sir. You didn't write it, did you? I think you copied it from a journal or somewhere else. I'm afraid that isn't true. I've read this article. That's rig ht, Sir. I hav e to ad mit I do w nlo aded it fro m the Internet.

I regret it. It's good that you admitted it.

Apology accepted but you have to be punished. You have to write two essays on different social phenomena. I honestly regret doing this shameful thing. You'd better keep your promise, or else you'll fail my subject. Activity 3 Work in pairs. Discuss the answers to the following questions. Did Dadi write the essay by himself? How does Mr Suherman know that the essay Dadi submitted is someone else's writing? How does Dadi tell his teacher that he is sorry because wrong doing?

What does Dadi have to do as a punishment for cheating? What phrases does Mr Suherman use to accuse Dadi? What phrases does Dadi use to deny and admit? What phrases does Dadi use to express his regret? What phrases does Dadi use to apologise? What phrases does Dadi use to promise that he won't do such a shameful deed again?

Activity 4 Complete the dialogue by using expressions in the box. Then act it out with your friends. Anton, w as it you that left the light in the bathroom on? There's no one else in this house. All right, Mom.

New Horizon Mom: Don't waste electricity. You play games too much. You When we learn our know our electric bill keeps rising. A pology accepted but you ought to clean In fact, we learn to speak the bathro o m. Yo u also o ught to tidy up almost automatically.

It has become infested with Taken from M icrosoft Encarta Premium, mosquitoes. All right? I promise I'll tidy up my bedroom every day.

What t o Say Stud y the fo llo w ing exp ressio ns fo r blaming and accusing, admitting doing something wrong and making a promise.

Then, answer the questions. What makes water from seas, lakes, rivers and wet soils evaporate? What is the term for the process? Do plants also release water into the atmosphere? Where does the water vapour go? Activity 6 Read the following text. Some of this rain, however, takes place over the seas.

Water is falls into the seas and is not accessible also released into the atmosphere by to humans. When rain falls, it either the plants through photosynthesis. Clouds form w hen air becomes Rain fall also replenishes river saturated with water vapour. The two water supplies, as does underground major types of cloud formation are water. Discuss the answers to these questions. Why does the majority of evaporation take place over seas? How do clouds form?

How many major types of cloud formation are there? What types of clouds are associated w ith rainy weather? What will bring continuous rain? Activity 8 Study the following words and the phonetic symbols. Then pronounce the words. Weat her Event in a Typical Year 1. Surface wat er pushed west ward by st rong t rade winds. Plent iful wint er-spring rain fall in Aust ralia. New Horizon 4. This 2.

Trade winds do not blow as Sou t h e r n osc i l l at i on st rongly. Warmer surf ace wat er ext reme. This pushes per mi t movement of wat er east ward. What does the diagram describe? Activity 1 Look at the picture. Then, answer the questions that follow orally. Do you think that the environment is changing? How is it changing? How is it different from the environment of 50 years ago? Have you ever read an article about acid rain?

What was the title? Find the meanings of the following words. Consult Activity 2 your dictionary.

They are taken from the text you are going to read in Activity 3. Pay attention to its pronunciation and punctuation. Acid Rain A cid rain is rain that is highly acidic because of sulphur oxides, nitrogen oxides, and other air pollutants dissolved in it. Normal rain is slightly acidic, with a pH General of 6.

Acid rain may have a pH value as low as 2. Statement Acid rain can severely damage both plant and animal life. Acid rain comes from sulphur in coal and oil. When they burn, they make sulphur dioxide SO2. Most sulphur leaves factory chimneys as the gaseous sulphur dioxide SO 2 and most nitrogen is also emitted as one of the nitrogen oxides NO or NO 2 , both of which are gases. The gases may be dry deposited—absorbed directly by the land, by lakes or by the surface vegetation.

If they are in the atmosphere for any time, the gases will oxidise gain an oxygen atom and go into solution as acids. The acids usually dissolve in cloud droplets and may travel great distances before being precipitated as acid rain. Catalysts such as hydrogen peroxide, ozone and ammonium help promote the formation of acids in clouds.

More ammonium NH4 can be formed when some Explanation of the acids are partially neutralised by airborne ammonia NH3. Hydrocarbons emitted by for example, car exhausts will react in sunlight with nitrogen oxides to produce ozone. Although it is invaluable in the atmosphere, low level ozone causes respiratory problems and also hastens the formation of acid rain. When acid rain falls on the ground it dissolves and liberates heavy metals and aluminium Al. As acid rain falls or drains into the lake the pH of the lake falls.

Forests suffer the effect of acid rain through damage to leaves, through the loss of vital nutrients, and through the increased amounts of toxic metals liberated by acid, which damage roots and soil micro organisms. What is acid rain? What is the pH of normal rain?

How is sulphur dioxide formed? What will happen to sulphur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide if they enter the atmosphere? What substances react to form nitric acid? W hat helps pro mo te the fo rmatio n o f acid s in clouds? How is ozone produced? Does low level ozone harm respiratory organs?

How does acid rain affect forests? Read and study the following structure of explanation Activity 5 text. Normal statement to p o sitio n rain is slightly acidic, with a pH of 6. Acid the read er. It fo cuses rain may have a pH value as low as 2. If they enter the atmosphere, the gases why or how something will oxidise gain an oxygen atom and go occurs.

It is comprised into solution as acids. When it is w ashed into conjunctions. W here Does Rain Come from? The world is like your bathroom. The water in the oceans is warm when the sun shines on it. Some of this water goes up into the sky and makes clouds.

The wind carries the clouds for hundreds of kilometres. Then the clouds meet cold air in the sky, and we see drops of water. The drops of water are rain. Rivers run into oceans. And the water Rain always comes from clouds. How rain. So water is always moving from does all that water get into the sky? There oceans. So the rain on your head was on is hot water in your bath.

Steam goes up other heads before! The water in your from the hot water. The steam makes garden was in other gardens in other small clouds in the bathroom. These countries. Decide whether each of the statements is true or Activity 7 false based on the text in Activity 6. Rain doesn't always comes from clouds. Steam rises from the hot water. Some of the water goes down into the sky and makes clouds. The rain falls and runs into rivers. Activity 9 Read the following text.

Under Ocean of Australia does not warm as normal conditions, eastern trade winds much as it normally does. These drive becomes warmer right up to the coast the sun-warmed surface water from the of Peru in South America.

These conditions in turn States. This takes place New Guinea, and Indonesia, w hich when trade winds blow strongly and suffer drought conditions. Activity 1 Read the text. Study the structure of the text. Then write the main ideas of each paragraph. Cooler, nutrient-rich waters and Peru. The current is believed to rise to surface off Southern America be closely associated w ith irregular 4 , supporting extensive shoals of variations in the global weather system ancho vies o n w hich a vast fishing and it occurs approximately every 7—11 industry has developed.

The weather years. The wider consequences of El over this cold water region is dry. The current Every 3—5 years a change occurs is associated with short—term changes in the ocean-atmosphere interaction.

This depresses the east thermocline sea and air on weather conditions can 7 and dramatically affects the climate. Discuss the text you have j ust read. Then rewrite it in your own words. Activity 3 Read and study the following sentences and its explanation. Most nitrogen is also emitted as one of the nitrogen oxides NO or NO 2 , both of which are gases.

More ammonium NH 4 can be formed when some of the acids are partially neutralised by airborne ammonia NH3 d. The Dragon Rider is soon unmasked by Eragon and is revealed to be Murtagh, his old friend.

Murtagh tells Eragon that he was kidnapped and forced into loyalty by Galbatorix after a dragon hatched for him, whom he named Thorn. Murtagh outmatches Eragon, but shows mercy due to their old friendship. Before leaving, Murtagh reveals that Eragon is his brother, and takes Eragon's sword Zar'roc, which he believes to be his inheritance. Ultimately, Galbatorix's army is forced to retreat due to heavy losses, after the arrival of the dwarves and the villagers of Carvahall and the departure of Murtagh and Thorn.

Roran manages to defeat the Twins by bashing them in the heads with his hammer, thus enhancing his title of Roran Stronghammer. Eldest received generally negative reviews, and it was met with criticism similar to Eragon for its derivative nature. School Library Journal noted that Eldest lacked originality, but would still find reception among fans.

It also acknowledged that themes of Eldest are based generally on the works of other writers. Similar to other reviews, it criticized the long plot and its similarities to The Lord of the Rings and Star Wars , as well as the lack of humor. The review commented that Roran , one of the secondary major characters, had the best part of the book. The main reason of this was for its dull pace.

However, there were also some more positive reviews of Eldest. Bookmarks magazine saw Eldest' s similarity to other works, but said that Eldest displayed more emotional depth than Eragon. Several themes in Eldest have been noted. The reviewer called these themes "age-transcendent". It's my job, then, to attempt to understand why people act, even if it differs from my own point of view or practice, and to present those reasons to the best of my ability. The actions and beliefs of my characters are not necessarily my own.

There are also themes of religion and atheism, the dwarves being highly religious, the elves being atheists, and Eragon, growing up without a religious background but a set of superstitions, wondering if there are higher powers.

Eldest falls in the genre of juvenile fiction [22] and fantasy. Los Angeles Times , while noting that the writing was more mature, criticized the novel for being inconsistent. An Entertainment Weekly review was negative toward the story because it was slow-paced, while The Washington Post said Eldest needed to be shortened. Kirkus Reviews compared the story to a patchwork of fantasy elements and characters, then concluded that it, despite being derivative, was exciting and held together well.

Whether or not the book will be adapted to film remains a matter of speculation. When asked whether there would be a movie adaptation of Eldest at the premiere of Eragon , Christopher Paolini replied, "I think we'll know after opening weekend. One critic said that 20th Century Fox 's plans to adapt Eldest was " jumping the gun " and that "they will have a tough time convincing anyone but the most die-hard fans to return for another helping.

According to an interview with director Stefen Fangmeier:. That means, given the time frame, it might still be another year before there are actually are scripts for both films and these things can move ahead.

I don't know if Fox is waiting to see the revenues the DVD will create. I think they were modestly happy with the worldwide box office. Fangmeier's comments were made in March , before the October announcement that the trilogy was to be expanded into a four-book cycle. A deluxe version of Eldest called the "Limited Edition" was released on September 26, Eldest has been published in forty-one countries, [32] several translations from English into different languages have been made.

Translations for languages such as Spanish , [33] Portuguese , [5] and Serbian have appeared. An omnibus of Eragon and Eldest was published on July 8, and included never-before-seen manuscripts by Christopher Paolini. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Cover of USA first edition, featuring the red dragon Thorn. Dewey Decimal. Main article: List of the Inheritance Cycle characters. Retrieved Archived from the original on Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

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